Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Calling SHGetKnownFolderPath from PowerBuilder

Up through Windows XP, if you wanted to get the physical location of certain defined folders (e.g. the users Documents folder), you would use the SHGetFolderPath function in the Windows API.  Roland Smith has examples of using that on his Topwiz Software site.  That function continues to work in later versions of Windows, although it's basically a wrapper for the SHGetKnownFolderPath function.

SHGetFolderPath uses CSIDL values, whereas SHGetKnownFolderPath uses KnownFolderID GUIDs.  One difference is that there are a lot more KnownFolderIDs than there are CSIDLs.  That means some of the defined folder locations you may want to get the physical location for can't be accessed through the older SHGetFolderPath method.  And that's exactly the situation I ran into.

I needed to find the user's Downloads folder, and there isn't a CSIDL value for that.  So, I needed to see how to call the SHGetKnownFolderPath function from PowerBuilder.  As with many OLE and Windows API calls, it can save you a lot of time if you can find some Visual Basic code that does what you need to do, and you can convert the syntax.  And fortunately, I found some that did this.

So, with a little tweaking, I ended up with this:

Local External Functions:

 Function Long CLSIDFromString (ref string lpszGuid, ref blob pGuid ) Library "ole32"   
 Function Long SHGetKnownFolderPath( ref blob nFolder,int dwFlags,uLong hToken , ref long pszPath) LIBRARY "Shell32.dll"   
 Subroutine CopyMemory ( ref String pDest, long pSrc, long ByteLen) Library "kernel32" Alias For "RtlMoveMemory"   
 Subroutine CoTaskMemFree ( long hMem) Library "ole32"   
 Function Long lstrlenW ( long ptr) Library "kernel32"   


 blob     guid  
 long     ll_rc, ll_folderpointer, ll_folderlen  
 string ls_folder, ls_folder_id  
 ls_folder_id = '{374DE290-123F-4565-9164-39C4925E467B}'  
 IF CLSIDFromString (ls_folder_id, guid ) = 0 THEN  
      IF SHGetKnownFolderPath ( guid, 0, 0, ll_folderpointer ) = 0 THEN  
           IF ll_folderpointer <>0 THEN  
                ll_folderlen = lstrlenW ( ll_folderpointer )  
                If ll_folderlen <> 0 THEN  
                     ls_folder = Space ( ll_folderlen )                      
                     CopyMemory ( ls_folder, ll_folderpointer, ll_folderlen * 2 )  
                END IF  
           END IF  
           CoTaskMemFree ( ll_folderpointer )  
      END IF  
 MessageBox ( "Downloads Folder", ls_folder )  

Hope you find that useful as well.


0xc04tl said...

Hey, Bruce.
You could help me with a problem I have with the PFC, I tell you I maintain an application that makes use of PFC and I have a problem because the previous developer disabled the Delete key and to use it I have to press the Ctrl or Shift key to activate the operation of it, where part of the PFC or event can activate it again?


Bruce Armstrong said...

The best place to post a question like this is the Appeon Community.